Lapwing belongs to a species requiring active protection, that are subjected to strict protection, the prohibition of deliberate disturbance or disturbance in places of accommodation, during the breeding season in places of breeding or rearing of young, or in feeding places of migratory or wintering bird groups (Regulation of 16.12. 2016).

As part of the project, observations will be carried out to determine the presence of lapwings. In the past, these birds were only found in wetlands. However, drainage of areas has forced this black and white bird to adapt to changes in the environment. He definitely avoids places covered with shrubs and trees, which can be excellent observation points for crows, magpies and other species that pose a threat to eggs and chicks. The area around the Ruda mine is mostly fields where mainly grains (rye and oats), potatoes and sugar beets are grown. Such open areas are a potential habitat for lapwings. Additionally, the area chosen by us for the construction of shallow water reservoirs as a place of watering and feeding for lapwings is not adjacent to tall trees and dense bushes.

The analysis of data from the Euro Bird Portal on the migration of lapwings shows that lapwings have started their intensive migration and are returning to the breeding areas in Poland. The intensification of arrivals took place after our visit to the Ruda Mine, ie on February 16, 2022. Detailed data is presented in the graphics attached to this post.