Each time we reach the project area, our regular point is a visit to the mine manager. However, before we crossed the factory gates, we saw an area covered with dozens of molehills!
Thanks to this, we know that there is a European mole (Talpa europaea) underground. With his strong paws he scooped the excess soil out of his tunnels. Therefore, we decided to use the results of his hard work for the next visit. The mole mound soil is a valuable material. Due to the fact that it comes from the deeper layers of the soil, it is fertile and contains microelements (including calcium and phosphorus) and nutrients that will feed the newly planted plants.
Importantly, the mole is an extremely useful animal. By feeding on insect larvae (grubs, wireworms) and small vertebrates, it contributes to reducing plant pests that are dangerous to crops. And yet the mine is surrounded by numerous arable fields.
When we got to the place where the depressions for amphibians are made, we could admire the feeding herd of deer. Such aggregates are called slugs. We would not have been able to spot these mammals if not for the fact that 4 individuals of the European roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) had their backs to us. They have white spots on their buttocks, which naturalists call mirrors. Only thanks to this, we focused our eyes and noticed that there are still 16 individuals hidden around the hungry individuals. Goats and young goats were resting peacefully among the agricultural crops.